dic-a the stem into "s" before adding the endings of the "passato Remember, the present infinitive can be used also: INFINITO PASSATO of TRANSITIVE VERBS Lesson a_2. I had not believed that you had made up your mind to marry. this category changes the last consonant of the stem into "s" before s-iate a contraction and a change of stem, riman-i I'll wait, as long as we decide what to do. 1. Decidere —sharing roots with the English "to decide"—is an irregular second-conjugation Italian verb whose irregularity rests in an irregular passato remoto and an irregular participio passato: deciso. Carla had decided to leave, but she missed the train. A compound tense, the congiuntivo passato is made of the present subjunctive of the auxiliary and the participio passato. "Cantare, Ridere, Dormire" - Infinito passato, INFINITO PASSATO of INTRANSITIVE VERBS Lesson a_2. d-iamo 2. infinitive with the endings of the imperative. TRAPASSATO REMOTO of TRANSITIVE VERBS Lesson a_5. past participle of a verb. Trapassato remoto. mangiare (infinitive)mangi- (stem) mangiato mangiato2. or an instruction instead of the imperative; "versare il latte e cuocere (Write that letter!) (have) singular person and third persons, this category changes the consonant "nd" of You had made up your mind to marry; why did you change your mind? not present the first and third singular persons ("io, lui, lei"): To help you memorizing some of them, we created four categories: This category presents a change in the stem, va-i I had decided the colors, but he didn't like them. facci-a of the stem before adding the endings of the "passato remoto", "Accendere, Prendere, Rispondere" - Passato remoto, In the first ), following f-ate I read the letter. The Italian Passato Prossimo should describe actions and events with a beginning and an end set in the recent past (prossimo means “near”), with a meaningful connection with a present. to laugh); third class: verbs ending with "ire" (e.g. ⚡ verbi irregolari inglesi, passato: 茶 laugh laughed / laught / laugh'd / low laughed / laught / laugh'd / laughen - ridere. (go) The object is still direct, often in the form of a subordinata oggettiva (a subordinate clause that serves as an object). Most often, though, decidere is—much like in English—used to decide on something or about something: decidere se, decidere che (followed by a conjugated verb), and decidere di (followed by a verb in the infinitive). dependent clause; "mi sarebbe piaciuto avere scritto una lettera" (I 3. - il ridere (nm) : laughing, laughter. 2. The infinitive" has a present form (infinito presente) and a past form Having made up her mind, Giovanna went to buy the fabric. ulteriori informazioni . Also common is the intransitive reflexive/pronominal decidersi, which is a bit closer to the English "to make up one's mind." I hope you decide soon if you are going out. When I will have decided the colors I will let you know. Today I decide/will decide/am deciding the color of the bathroom. Verbs are 'action words'! noun; "mangiare Coniugazione del verbo italiano redigere: congiuntivo, indicativo, condizionale. The other compound subjunctive, the congiuntivo trapassato is made of the imperfetto of the auxiliary and the participio passato. happens at the same time of the action expressed by the main verb. sti-a dormito, ho risposto, ho viaggiato, ho vissuto..."), verbs that express movement, like "venire" (to come), "andare" (to remoto". Cosa ci fa una bussola in un pollaio? Gerundio passato. ridere – to laugh rinunciare a – to renounce, to give up scherzare – to joke sciare – to ski smettere di – to stop, to quit telefonare – to call, to phone tossire – to cough viaggiare – to travel; When to use passato prossimo with essere. Will you ever make up your mind to marry? As a young woman, you would never make up your mind to marry. May they decide! di-a The past conditional has the same function of the present conditional but pl. When we will have decided what to do, we will let you know. The "gerundio passato" of INtransitive verbs is formed with the "gerundio" of "ESSERE" + As soon as she decided to leave, they came to get her. (be) (Madame, write that letter! main clause, "avere, essere, dire, bere, fare" are irregular and attached to it ("leggimi la lettera, cantatemi una canzone, compriamole un regalo"), In a formal approach, with "Lei" or "Loro", the pronoun remains in front of the verb (Signora, mi mandi due righe! Complete the following sentences with the proper form of the appropriate verb from the list below. With the polite forms "Lei" and "Loro" it is used mostly as an exhortation: "Signora, scriva quella lettera!" In order to help you memorize some of them, we created six categories: "Chiedere, Intransitive verbs don't need an object to complete their meaning. Having decided to make the dress, Giovanna goes to buy the fabric. The present infinitive in this case indicates that is doubled (e.g. Though they have made up their minds to buy a house, they still have not bought it. passato, CONDIZIONALE Carla will decide to leave when she is ready. The past have the following form of "gerundio presente": "avendo, essendo, : "ballare" = Barzellette sono a corto di idee? facc-iamo The past - far ridere qualcuno: to make someone laugh. It reflects more the concept of coming to the end of an internal process, and it is conjugated, therefore, with essere and reflexive pronouns. The verb has an indirect object and is intransitive (though still with avere) if it is separated by a preposition. The subject of the "gerundio" must be : "ridere" = singular person and third persons, this category changes the last consonant I decided to take this step. st-iamo -ERE VERBS. Favorite Answer. Carla would decide to leave if she had the money. conditional of most intransitive verbs is formed with the present conditional Transitive verbs may be followed by an object to complete their meaning "leggo Dormire" - Imperativo, IMPERATIVO of IRREGULAR VERBS Lesson Durante il cammino Tyron iniziò a parlare della guerra, ricordando che il giorno seguente Byron sarebbe dovuto partire per una spedizione. Ps dovrei raccontarle alle mie amiche quindi non fatemi fare brutta figura. VERBI IRREGOLARI IN PASSATO REMOTO PASSATO REMOTO IRREGOLARE dei verbi della seconda coniugazione I verbi differiscono tra loro per i cambiamenti di tema davanti alle desinenze della prima e terza persona singolare e della terza persona plurale del passato remoto: es. The "passato remoto" is used to express events or actions in a distant past, for which there is a perceived "remoteness" and no perceived connection with the present. with the subject of the verb. Infinito passato. It has not been decided. the "passato remoto" but not in the present conjugation (or viceversa.). I hope that Carla has not decided to leave. the "passato remoto", In the first singular person remoto". Traduzione in contesto di ridere, con esempi d'uso reale. maintain the "hard sound effect"), dimentic-a is that it doesn't change form: "Mi piace mangiare" (I like to eat). You would make up your mind to marry if you felt like it. Altre Sudoku Contatti. Lv 4. facc-iano, sta' (stai) Even when it’s not close to the present. Finally resolving to make the dress for the party, Giovanna buys a red fabric. Outside of scholarly works written in Italian, the passato remoto is still commonly found as a narrative tool … (pay) riman-iamo INTRANSITIVE VERBS Lesson i_8. d-ite I feel it: This week they are resolving to buy a house. PASSATO of 8 years ago. passato, The imperative is used to order, command or exhort. depends on the verb. A regular imperfetto congiuntivo. M.A., Italian Studies, Middlebury College. pagh-ino. require the auxiliary "essere", reflexive verbs require the verb "essere", the verb "piacere" requires the auxiliary "essere", for the position of the pronouns with compound tenses, please refer to (infinito passato). Remember: "avere, essere, dire, bere, fare" have an irregular The infinito is used often with servile or helping verbs: Devo decidere! the same as the one expressed by the other verb; "io, andando a scuola, the first and second persons, the pronouns follow the imperative and are "Cantare, Leggere, "Cantare, Ridere, Dormire" - Infinito presente. Remember, the past infinitive can be used: In a sentence, the "gerundio" expresses the time, cause or "Mangiare, Leggere, Aprire" - Trapassato May they make up their minds! Related words include: - ridersi di (vr): to laugh (at). vad-ano, abb-i abb-iano, sii per due minuti" (pour the milk and cook for two minutes), to express la lettera" (I read the letter) I read what? If the verb is intransitive (like most verbs that express movement or state Futuro anteriore. plus the past participle of a verb. With "essere", the past participle must agree in The trapassato prossimo is a compound tense with the imperfetto of the auxiliary and the participio, deciso. Utilizzando il presente sito l'utente accetta. I would have hoped that Carla had decided to leave. in dictionaries and it expresses the meaning of a verb (e.g. remoto" of transitive verbs is formed with the "passato remoto" of "AVERE" + Each verb is only used once. Since they had resolved to buy a house, they had put the money away. remoto, TRAPASSATO adding the endings of the "passato remoto", "Piovere, Tenere, Venire, Volere" - Passato remoto, In the first In 1975 you finally made up your mind to marry him. prossimo") because it is formed with one of the auxiliary verbs ("essere" or "avere") adding the endings of the "passato remoto", "Avere, Bere, Conoscere, Dare, Fare, Mettere, Sapere, Spegnere, Stare, si-a After having made up his mind to leave, Paolo came back. replacing the ending of the infinitive with the endings of the "passato A passato remoto használata Olyan cselekvéseket fejez ki, melyek teljesen lezárultak, a jelennel nincsenek már kapcsolatban. The past infinitive in this case indicates s-iamo io capirò tu capirai lui capirà noi capiremo voi capirete loro capiranno. 157 talking about this. Some verbs may be irregular in the imperative but not in the present (or the action expressed by the main verb. ven-ite Ridere di/per means: to laugh at. I decided on the dress. "Andare, Rimanere, Venire" - the three classes of Italian verbs: first class: verbs ending with "are" (e.g. Contiene la radice del verbo e per questo offre "infinite possibilità" di esprimersi. ho incontrato il mio amico" (while I was going to school I met my friend). ven-iamo "Mangiare, Leggere, Aprire" - Condizionale Make up your mind! We had not yet decided what to do when Luca called. Haven’t you done it yet? 4 Answers. The verb is the element that conveys information It is rarely used in spoken Italian, while it is very common in written form, especially in newspapers, novels and essays. It is hard to make up one's mind like this. They made up their minds to buy the house. to dance). The "trapassato remoto" is a "compound tense" (like the "passato The "infinito passato" of transitive verbs is formed with the "infinito" of "AVERE" + 3. io capii tu capisti lui capì noi capimmo voi capiste loro capirono. 8 years ago. dimentich-iamo remoto", "Dire, Leggere, Scrivere, Vivere" - Passato remoto, In the first pagh-iamo II. Instructions. We are determined people. He took a day to make up his mind. Whether it requires "essere" or "avere", and-ate Inglese Verbi irregolari inglesi. For example, Ho deciso sul vestito. The condizionale passato is made of the present conditional of the auxiliary and the participio passato. It expresses actions that, whether in the very immediate past or a past slightly more removed, happened before the moment of narration and have a defined chronological arc, now concluded. viceversa). "Andare, Rimanere, Venire" - Condizionale the same rule ("da'+mi = dammi; sta'+lì = stacci..."). Meaning to decide, to resolve to do something, or to establish something, decidere can be transitive, conjugated with the auxiliary verb avere, followed by a direct object. I would decide the colors if he would leave me in peace. dic-ano, fa' (fai) : "ballare" = Mostly, it is a past tense widely used in writing for historical or literary narrations. The characteristic of the infinitive, as well as the "gerundio", Tomorrow I will decide the color of the bathroom. Each verb will only be used once. and it still uses avere (and there is a direct subject-object relationship). The "condizionale passato" is a "compound the past participle of the verb (if you are not sure whether a verb requires "essere" or "avere" check Verbi irregolari e modelli verbi italiani. abb-iate ten-iamo Erano scortati da tre guardie, armate di spade. d-iano, di' (dici) The imperativo is a good tense for the verb decidere. REMOTO of INTRANSITIVE VERBS Lesson a_5, Intransitive verbs don't need an object to complete their meaning. Il gentiluomo ogni desiderio della giovane signorina. My husband wishes that I decide the colors. Sooner or later we will decide what to do. A compound tense, the passato prossimo is made of the present of the auxiliary and the participio, deciso. It falls in a group with the verb ridere (to laugh), whose past participle is riso and which shares the same quirks. - sorridere (v) : to smile. would have liked to write a letter.) Passato prossimo follows a simple pattern: essere or avere conjugated in the present tense (we will go over later when to use each verb) and the past particle. Cerca il pollo nord xD . When they will have resolved to buy a house, we will give them the money. Per saperne di più Frasi Frasario bab.la Il frasario di bab.la contiene frasi in italiano per ogni occasione e la loro traduzione in 28 lingue. Vincere" - Passato remoto, In the first singular person and third persons, travel), "vivere" (to live) though intransitive require the auxiliary "avere" ("ho go), "uscire" (to go out)... require the auxiliary "essere", verbs that express state of being, like "essere" (to be), "stare" (to teng-a sound" as Karl, Carlo), adds an "h" in front of "i" (to 1. / irridere (v) : to mock. dimentic-ate pag-ate the past participle of the verb. Sooner or later we would have decided what to do. or consonants of the stem into "ss" before adding the endings of Decide if you want to go. this category changes stem before adding the endings of the "passato remoto", This verb changes stem in the "passato of REGULAR VERBS Lesson a_5. I find it hard to decide where I want to live. rimang-a When you will have made up your mind to marry, let me know. Whether it requires "essere" or "avere", When we decided what to do, we took the horse and we left. Vedere " - Passato remoto, In the first singular person and third persons, (give) : "dormire" = i_10. Remember that the Italian subjunctive does not necessary translate to subjunctive constructions in English, as is very evident from this verb. (stay) verbi irregolari . vad-a condurre -> conduss- (condussi, conducesti, condusse,conducemmo, conduceste, condussero) Seguono questo … veng-a rimang-ano, tien-i The "trapassato Study Passato remoto (verbi irregolari) flashcards from Christian Welter's Lycée Nic-Biever Dudelange & Lycée de Garçons Esch class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or … singular person and third persons, this category doubles the last consonant Coniugazione del verbo italiano ridere: congiuntivo, indicativo, condizionale. the action of the dependent clause happens at the same time or subsequently Italian Passato Prossimo. I can't make up my mind. infinitive. the, In the negative "Amare, Temere, Dormire" - Passato remoto, PASSATO REMOTO of IRREGULAR VERBS Lesson a_5, Some verbs may be irregular in Type inside the form above the italian verb you wish to conjugate (ie: amare, temere, finire, noi siamo, io vado, che tu sappia). It suggests, proposes, expresses a desire, a doubt, a gentle request or it expresses an action that could have occured "on condition that...". Lv 7. a negative command; "non fare così!" Note the variety of tenses in the main clause. Carla will leave when she will have decided to. the past participle of the verb. st-iano. the past participle of the verb. I wished that you had made up your mind to marry. on what the subject does or is and what actions he/she/it accomplishes or undergoes. My husband hopes that I have decided the colors. The category of verbs whose infinitive end with "c+are" or "g+are" ("hard 2. Choose a verb from the bank below and conjugate it in the passato remototo complete each sentence. The "infinito passato" of INtransitive verbs is formed with the "infinito" of "ESSERE" + The futuro anteriore is made of the simple future of the auxiliary and the participio passato, deciso. As soon as you resolved to come out, the police arrested you. verbs is formed with the "gerundio" of "AVERE" + the past A regular congiuntivo presente. At the end of each section, click on the button to view your performance score for that section. Ciao a tutti, vorrei che mi raccontaste alcune barzellette pulite. When they were just employed, they would never make up their minds to buy a house. A tense of contemporaneity in the world of wishing. remoto" of most intransitive verbs is formed with the "passato remoto" of "ESSERE" + They will make up their minds to buy a house when they are ready. pagh-i decidere deciso uccidere ucciso ridere riso 13 morire mortoaprire aperto offrire offerto rompere rotto tradurre tradotto 14 bere bevutomettere messopromettere promesso chiudere chiuso 15 Now try forming the past participles yourself 1. mangiare 2. vendere 3. finire 4. capire 16 Answers1. I hoped that you would made up your mind to go out. and third persons, this category changes stem and adds a "q" before tense" (like the "passato prossimo") because it is formed with (forget) The passato prossimo is an indicative tense that expresses the past and, differently from the imperfect indicative, it is a compound tense. Decidersi is most often followed by the preposition a: Note: Ho deciso di fare questo passo, but, Mi sono decisa a fare questo passo. It expresses an action completed in the past, that no longer has reference in the present: "Leonardo da Vinci nacque nel 1452" (Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1452). The "trapassato remoto" expresses an action that happened prior to the one expressed by another past tense: "Garibaldi, dopo che ebbe radunato gli uomini, partì per la Sicilia" (After Garibaldi had grouped the men, they all left for Sicily). You will go out when you will have decided to. Coniugare il verbo ridere a tutti i tempi e modi : maschile, femminile, Indicativo, congiuntivo, imperativo, infinito, condizionale, participio, gerundio. stay), "rimanere" (to remain), "nascere" (to be born)... In summer Carla would never resolve to leave. of the imperative of "dare, dire, fare, stare" the initial consonant I don't think they will decide to buy a house. Note the variations. participle of the verb. The verb still answers the question "What?" of "ESSERE" + the past participle of the verb (if you are not sure Now let’s construct some sentences in the passato prossimo. You would have resolved to marry him if you had loved him. Altre lingue disponibili Italiano Francese Spagnolo Portoghese Tedesco. bene LEARN IV.com. the past participle of the verb. to dance); second class: verbs ending with "ere" (e.g. Futuro semplice. condition of an action that happens at the same time or prior to the action In addition to the regular function as auxiliary, the participio passato deciso can serve as a noun or more often, in this case, as an adjective, meaning resolved or determined. Scegli il verbo più adatto e mettilo nella forma corretta. It does I would have decided the colors if I had liked any of them. Answer Save. conditional of transitive verbs is formed with the present conditional of "AVERE" + like to write a letter.) whether a verb requires "essere" or "avere" check the dictionary.) You will decide if you want to go out when you are ready. - ridente (adj) : laughing, smiling, happy; joyful, nice. is formed by replacing the ending of the infinitive with the endings of the "gerundio When I painted, I always decided all the colors before starting. If the verb is a transitive verb, it requires the auxiliary "avere". The year they resolved to buy the house, they moved. bene è importante" (it is important to eat well), to express an order The Italian passato remoto past tense is used in textbooks to describe historical events that took place centuries ago, and also in textbooks that describe art history. form, the second singular person uses "non + infinitive", With The only pronoun We would decide what to do if we were more resolute. A hétköznapi beszédben nagyon ritkán, csak emelkedettebb, nagyon választékos stílusban fordul elő, vö. of being) or if the verb is reflexive, it requires the auxiliary "essere". Passato remoto переважно користуються на півдні Італії, тому що діалекти і мови цього регіону не мають passato prossimo. Decidere—sharing roots with the English "to decide"—is an irregular second-conjugation Italian verb whose irregularity rests in an irregular passato remoto and an irregular participio passato: deciso. "Cantare, Ridere, Dormire" - Gerundio passato. (say) The "gerundio passato" of transitive (keep) The past conditional is also used to express the future in the past. st-ate "Andare, Rimanere, Venire" - depends on the verb. (do) The passato remoto past tense verbs will be underlined. The indicative is the most common and frequent verbal mood and it is used to indicate a fact, an action or an idea that are real, certain and objective. You would have decided to go out had it been less cold. that the action of the dependent clause happens prior to the action of the I thought that we had decided what to do. In our house we children always decided what to do on Sundays. gender and number with the subject of the verb. vowel), the pronouns follow the verb ("lavarmi, scrivergli, parlarci..."), following another verb in a ), as a The "trapassato remoto" is a "compound tense" (like the "passato prossimo") because it is formed with one of the auxiliary verbs ("essere" or "avere") plus the past participle of a verb. The "gerundio passato" expresses an action that happens prior to After they had resolved to buy the house, they went to talk with the banker. The imperative of regular verbs is formed by replacing the ending of the dicendo, bevendo, facendo", With the "gerundio" the another verb in a dependent clause; "desidero scrivere una lettera" (I'd At the end of the entire exercise, click on the button to check your overall performance. After having decided to leave, Paolo came back. They would have decided to buy a house had they seen one they liked. of being) or if the verb is reflexive, it requires the auxiliary "essere". the dictionary.). They would resolve to buy a house if they saw one they liked. Did you decide/have you decided to get married? I wish they would make up their minds to buy the house. IMPORTANT: whenever a pronoun is attached to the familiar singular form (tu) CONDIZIONALE PASSATO of TRANSITIVE VERBS Lesson i_8. I must decide! Traduzione in contesto di redigere, con esempi d'uso reale. Remember the differences in choosing your auxiliary. Carla would have decided to leave if she had wanted to. Menu. Akin to the verb scegliere, which means to choose or pick something, decidere can be used in a similar manner—for example, Ho deciso il nome del cane; I decided the dog's name. the past participle of the verb. 2 0? If you wish the conjugation in the reflexive (pronominal) form, just type the reflexive verb (ie: amarsi, struggersi, spazientirsi, io mi lavo, tu ti pettini). expressed by the main verb. Questo sito web utilizza per fornire servizi, annunci personalizzare e biscotti traffico analisi. Chiudere, Correre, Decidere, Perdere, Piangere, Ridere, Rimanere, Sorridere, Make up your mind! Rating <3 Rossella <3. You will notice Italian hypothetical phrases in the past tense in this dialogue as well, which will use the imperfetto subjunctive mode and the trapassato past tense, because this dialogue is a reprint from a former blog post on Italian hypothetical phrases. dimentich-i In reality, the Passato Prossimo, in modern Italian, can describe any complete event set in the past. It falls in a group with the verb ridere (to laugh), whose past participle is … For example: Ieri ho mangiato un panino. a magyar „mondotta”, „látá” alakokat. My husband didn't think I had decided the colors. Both decidere and decidersi can be used with no stated object: In speaking, decidersi is used as frequently as decidere and interchangeably, best suited to some tenses and constructions; hence, the conjugation table below includes both. and-iamo 1. that does not double is "gli" (e.g. to sleep.). it refers to the past. veng-ano, da' (dai) With "essere", the past participle must agree in gender and number Verbi irregolari e modelli verbi italiani. It is not decided. io ebbi capito tu avesti capito lui ebbe capito noi avemmo capito voi aveste capito loro ebbero capito. Ridere, Dormire" - Gerundio presente. The "passato remoto" (remote past) of regular verbs is formed by When we use passato prossimo, we talk about something that has happened once, instead of an ongoing event in the past (we use imperfect then). The indicative passato prossimo —called the present perfect in English—is one of the most widely used tenses in the Italian language. If the verb is a transitive verb, it requires the auxiliary "avere". (come) The infinitive may end in "are", "ere" or "ire", If the verb is intransitive (like most verbs that express movement or state "di'+mi = dimmi; di'+ci = dicci; fa'+le = falle; fa'+ci While you were deciding if you wanted to go out, we went out. i_10. Passato remoto. Type the correct answer in the box provided and then click on the button next to it to verify your answer. riman-ete Indica un'azione in corso (dal latino "gerendus" = agire), The "gerundio presente" of regular verbs If the verb is a transitive verb, it requires the auxiliary "avere". Finally that evening you made up your minds to go out. That morning Carla decided to leave early. to the action of the main clause, With the infinitive, (dropping its last ten-ete Coniugazione verbo 'ridere' - coniugazione verbi italiani in tutti i modi e tempi verbali - bab.la "Dopo avere mangiato lavo i denti" (After eating I brush my teeth). After you made up your mind to marry him, you went to buy the dress. The "gerundio presente" expresses an action that ), IMPERATIVO of REGULAR VERBS Lesson "Cantare, Trapassato remoto, To continue with the verbs page click here, For an automatic verb conjugator click here, "dormire"(to sleep), "rispondere" (to answer), "viaggiare" (to Coniugazione del verbo ridere. Whether it requires "essere" or "avere", depends on the verb. (don't do that! s-iano, This category presents When I decided the colors, your Grandma and I went to buy them. abb-iamo one of the auxiliary verbs ("essere" or "avere") plus the The present infinitive is the form of the verb presented Today Carla decides/is deciding to leave. d-ate I wished that Carla had not decided to leave. My husband is waiting for me to decide the colors. = facci..."). "da'+gli = dagli"). presente.". Grammatica Grammatica senza paura Lezioni di grammatica per imparare le basi di una lingua straniera. un sorriso può aiutare a superare le difficoltà della vita "Scrivi quella lettera!" Deciding to make the dress, Giovanna goes to buy the fabric. He said the following day he would have finished the work). pronouns follow the verb ("lavandomi, parlandomi..."). Sara _____ (dare) lezioni di italiano ai bambini del suo quartiere. "Andare, Nascere, Venire" - You would decide to go out if it were less cold. teng-ano, vien-i dic-iamo The pronominal particles "ne" and "ci" follow The past conditional is often used when reporting a rumor, or in an indirect discourse after verbs of "feeling, knowing, saying..." in the past. Follow us on YouTube, Facebook, Instagram and Twitter! PASSATO REMOTO "Avrei voluto... Si sarebbe insinuato che... Disse che l'indomani avrebbe finito il lavoro." Coniugazione del verbo ridere. occuparsi (di qualcosa) – occupato preoccuparsi – preoccupato prepararsi – preparato svegliarsi – svegliato vestirsi – vestito. dimentich-ino, paga